What is the role of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Published on : 25 October 20224 min reading time

The CRC is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the CRC, and it came into force two years later. All countries that have ratified the CRC are legally bound to protect and promote the rights of all children within their jurisdiction.

The CRC recognizes that every child has inherent human dignity and rights, and that these rights must be protected and promoted. The CRC sets out these rights in 54 articles, and provides detailed guidance on how to realize them. The CRC also establishes special procedures to monitor implementation of the Convention and to address complaints about violations of child rights.

What does CRC stands for in international Convention?

CRC stands for the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. This treaty was created in 1989 and has been ratified by every single member of the United Nations except for the United States. The CRC is the first legally binding instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights. The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. The CRC is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history.

What is purpose of Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC?

The CRC is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In doing so, the CRC reflects the understanding that the realization of children’s rights is indivisible and that the different types of rights are interrelated. The CRC sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic principles of children’s rights, defines children’s rights and establishes obligations on governments to implement children’s rights.

When the CRC was adopted in 1989, it was considered a breakthrough achievement. For the first time in history, nations recognized that children have human rights, just like adults, and that these rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human person. The CRC has helped to transform children’s lives and the way they are viewed and treated by society. It has also provided an important framework for governments, civil society and the international community to measure progress in promoting and protecting children’s rights.

The CRC is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history. As of September 2019, it had been ratified by 196 States. The CRC’s Optional Protocols on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography have been ratified by 187 and 182 States respectively.

What does the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child say?

The CRC is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the CRC, and it came into force on 2 September 1990, after it was ratified by the required number of countries. The CRC sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children. The CRC calls for parties to the Convention to take all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures to implement the rights recognized in the Convention. The CRC also establishes a Committee on the Rights of the Child, which is tasked with monitoring implementation of the CRC by States Parties and considering individual and state party complaints of human rights violations.

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